Welcome to our quiz on geography of Africa.

African Landmass

Africa is the second-largest continent on the planet with a territory of over 30 million square kilometers. Its largest states include: Algeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan and Libya, all roughly two million square kilometers, each. Topography of Africa is very diverse and includes vast deserts, savannas, coastal plains, woodland, rainforest and high mountains. Africa's lowest point is Lake Assal in Djibouti at 157 meters below the sea level. Its highest is the dormant stratovolcano Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, reaching the elevation of 5 895 meters. The continent is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

African Population

The current population in Africa is estimated at about one and a quarter billion. Dubbed the Cradle of Humankind, Africa is the continent with the greatest ethnic and genetic diversity. Its 54 countries are inhabited by numerous ethnic groups, speaking distinct languages and maintaining unique cultural traditions. Nigeria, the most populous African state with 225 million people, has over 500 classified languages, alone. Other populous and diverse states in Africa include: Ethiopia, Egypt and Democratic Republic of the Congo, all with populations well over 100 million. The median age in Africa is just 19 years. With a very high fertility rate across the continent, its population is expected to exceed four billion before the end of the century.

African Flora and Fauna

Diverse territory of Africa offers habitat for a variety of plant and animal life. Lush rainforest of the Congo is especially rich with over 15 thousand plant species, 500 species of mammals, 1,000 species of birds and some 400 species of fish. Many of these species are endemic and some are endangered. This rich biodiversity is under threat from poachers, invasive species and urbanization, and is protected by strict laws and numerous national parks and nature reserves. The Serengeti National Park in Tanzania is perhaps the most famous, preserving a large population of lions, wildebeests and zebras. The Virunga National Park in Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to scores of hippos and primates such as mountain gorilla and common chimpanzee. The Chobe National Park in Botswana has the largest elephant population and The Kruger National Park in South Africa is proud of its large rhino population.

Invitation to Africa

We hope you will enjoy our quiz on Africa, further your interest in this diverse continent and maybe even embark on a trip for an in-person experience. Despite political instability in some regions, Africa is open to tourism and organized trips are generally considered safe. The continent receives over five million visitors each year and this number is expected to continue grow in the coming decades.

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Did you know?

Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee.

Ethiopia is a large and populous state in eastern Africa, well known for producing some of the best coffee beans in the world. Of a variety produced and exported in large numbers, Harrar, Sidamo and Yirgacheffe are the most valued. The nation is proud to have enriched the world with their native drink.

According to a local legend, a goat herder noticed his flock drawn to red berries of an unknown bush. After consuming some of the berries, the animals would jump and kick, as if dancing. Intrigued, the shepherd proceeded to taste the berries and immediately experienced a blissful sensation. He rushed to report this to his wife and local monks. News spread rapidly that soaking roasted berries produces an amazing drink. Although the monks get the credit, we all know it was the wife we came up with the amazing idea.

Coffee has been cultivated and exported in Ethiopia for over 300 years, now. It was spread around the Mediterranean by the Ottomans, who purchased Ethiopian coffee in large numbers. After their defeat at Vienna in 1683 at the hands of the Polish king John Sobieski, large quantities of coffee beans were seized and distributed throughout the Christian world.

Quiz consists of ten randomly selected questions presented in order of increasing difficulty. Your score will depend on how quickly you respond. Based on question difficulty level, you will be allotted some time for reading the question.

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