Welcome to our quiz on geography of South America.

South American Landmass

South America is the fourth-largest continent on the planet with a territory of almost 18 million square kilometers. Its largest state is Brazil, taking up about 40% of its landmass. Topography of South America is very diverse and includes grasslands, woodlands, rainforest, floodplains, deserts, plateaus, highlands and very high volcanic mountains. South America's lowest point is Laguna del Carbon in southern Argentina at 105 meters below the sea level. Its highest is the extinct stratovolcano Mount Aconcagua in western Argentina, reaching the elevation of 6 961 meters. The continent is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It is separated from North America by the Darien Mountains and the Caribbean Sea, and from Antarctica by the Straits of Magellan.

South American Population

The current population in South America is estimated at about 425 million. The continent is a melting pot of a great ethnic and genetic diversity. Its countries are inhabited by numerous indigenous and immigrant communities, speaking distinct languages and maintaining unique cultural traditions. Brazil, the most populous South American state with 220 million people, has over 200 classified languages, alone. Other populous and diverse states in South America include: Colombia and Argentina, both with populations of about 50 million, each. The median age in South America is estimated at 31 years. With the fertility rate falling across the continent, its population is expected to remain steady for the rest of the century.

South American Flora and Fauna

Diverse territory of South America provides a habitat for a variety of plant and animal life. Lush rainforest of the Amazon is especially rich with over 40 thousand plant species, 400 species of mammals, 1,500 species of birds and some 2,000 species of fish. Many of these species are endemic and some are endangered. This rich biodiversity is under constant threat from deforestation, mining, agricultural activity, devastating fires and urbanization, and is protected by strict laws and numerous national parks and nature reserves. The contiguous Parima Tapirapeci National Park, Serrania de la Neblina National Park and Pico da Neblina National Park established by Venezuela and Brazil, protect some 75 thousand square kilometers of rainforest with river dolphins, jaguars, cunaguaros, tapirs, various species of monkeys and a myriad of species of fish, insects, amphibians, reptiles and birds.

Invitation to South America

We hope you will enjoy our quiz on South America, further your interest in this diverse continent and maybe even embark on a trip for an in-person experience. Despite political instability in some regions, South America is open to tourism and organized trips are generally considered safe. The continent receives over twenty million visitors each year and this number is projected to continue to grow in the coming decades.

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Did you know?

Iguazu Falls are the mightiest falls in Americas.

Iguazu Falls are an immense two-step waterfall of the Iguazu River in eastern South America. They are located on the border between Brazil and Argentina. Shaped as a giant horseshoe, the waterfall splits into 275 drops of various sizes. These plunge some 80 meters into a narrow canyon taking down 13 000 cubic meters of water per second in the rainy season. Nearly three kilometers across, the falls are wider than the Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River in Africa and dwarf the Niagara Falls.

The falls are a world-famous natural wonder, drawing close to a million visitors each year. Argentina, Brazil and the nearby Paraguay, all offer convenient connections and well-developed tourist infrastructure to support growing interest. These mighty falls form a very unique spectacle and have become a top tourist destination and a well-recognized landmark of South America.

Quiz consists of ten randomly selected questions presented in order of increasing difficulty. Your score will depend on how quickly you respond. Based on question difficulty level, you will be allotted some time for reading the question.

Every effort is made to ensure that questions are consistent with the subject and responses properly defined and evaluated. In case of constructive feedback, we'd appreciate a short email with details.